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Citation Guide: Home


Welcome to the  

Citation Guide  


What is citation?

A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:

  • information about the author
  • the title of the work
  • the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
  • the date your copy was published
  • the page numbers of the material you are borrowing


Why should I cite sources?

Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources:

  • citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from
  • citations demonstrate that you have synthesized and put together different ideas and points of view to support or refute your argument
  • citing sources shows the amount of research you've done
  • citing sources strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas


How do I cite sources?

You cite a source both in the text of your work when you're quoting or paraphrasing the borrowed material, and again with a fuller description of the source on a works cited page or bibliography. Each of the citation styles described in this guide require you to cite both ways.


This guide is driven by exemplars of each citation style: we provide detailed images of citations for various sources to make it easier to adapt the style in your work. Most images link out to a video tutorial for further instruction.