Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Guide: Home

 

Welcome to the  

Citation Guide  

 

What is citation?

A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:

  • information about the author
  • the title of the work
  • the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
  • the date your copy was published
  • the page numbers of the material you are borrowing

 

Why should I cite sources?

Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources:

  • citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from
  • citations demonstrate that you have synthesized and put together different ideas and points of view to support or refute your argument
  • citing sources shows the amount of research you've done
  • citing sources strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas

 

How do I cite sources?

You cite a source both in the text of your work when you're quoting or paraphrasing the borrowed material, and again with a fuller description of the source on a works cited page or bibliography. Each of the citation styles described in this guide require you to cite both ways.

 

This guide is driven by exemplars of each citation style: we provide detailed images of citations for various sources to make it easier to adapt the style in your work. Most images link out to a video tutorial for further instruction.